What is Cancer?

Cancer occurs when abnormal cells divide and multiply uncontrollably, it can spread to nearby tissues or to a distant part of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. These abnormal cells replace and damage the body’s normal tissues. There are over a hundred types of cancers which, when left untreated, can lead to death. However, cancer is not always a death sentence as many early cancers can be treated successfully with high chances of recovery.

Cancer... in Numbers

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. According to the World Health Organization(WHO), cancer is responsible for about 9.6 million deaths globally in 2018. In a 2018 study by WHO, Southeast Asia (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Vietnam), the number of new cancer cases in 2018 was almost 1 million and over 600,000 cancer deaths were recorded.

Number of new cases in 2018, both sexes, all ages

Number of new cases in 2018, males, all ages

Number of new cases in 2018, females, all ages

Source: World Health Organization, Globocan 2018, WHO South-Eastern Asia
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